NS&T Power Distribution

I’ve been reading through the revised book by John M. Mills on the Niagara St. Catharines & Toronto Railway, and it’s raised some questions about power distribution for the line.

NS&T 30 - Welland Avenue Spur

NS&T 30 – “Line Car Spur”, St. Catharines. Photographer and date unknown.

Chapter 12 of the book is a brief look at the power supply. It notes that by the 1950s, the railway had substations in St. Catharines, Thorold, Fonthill, Welland and Humberstone. (The substation in Niagara Falls was closed in 1947, while a substation in Niagara-On-The-Lake was shuttered in the 1930s.)

Most of the photos I’ve seen are of the building in the centre of the wye at Substation Junction, in Thorold. I’ve never seen a photo of the substation in St. Catharines.

I was curious about its location, so I went exploring.

My first theory – which was based on no evidence – was that the St. Catharines substation was located on the north side of Welland Avenue, must east of Court Street. This would place it across the street from the car barns, which backed against that street.

The Louisa Street cutoff comes in from the north to join Welland Avenue here, and there’s a short spur on the north side of the Lousia Street line at this location. Line cars were frequently photographed parked on this spur: an example of that is NS&T 30, shown above. Parking a line car next to the power supply seemed like a natural thing to do, to me…

However, a closer look at the 1923 St. Catharines fire maps shows that’s not the case:

NST-Map-Carbarn-StoresYard

1923 St. Catharines Fire Map. From the Brock University online collection.

The space I was thinking of is in fact a “supply yard” – which is also a logical place to spot the line cars. The map proves this is not the location of the substation – because a fire map would definitely have such a thing labelled. All that’s listed here is storage buildings. So, I kept looking…

NST-Map-Geneva Terminal and Substation

1923 St. Catharines Fire Map. From the Brock University online collection.

A-ha! There it is – the orange-coloured building in the lower right corner. That places it in the V formed by Welland Avenue and Niagara Street.

Now – does anybody know of any photos of this building?